Our Programmes

Land, Forest and Water Management

An integrated programme to find common solutions to problems related to biodiversity, food and water security

India is amongst the most land-scarce countries in the world. The per capita land availability is about 0.25 ha, which is likely to shrink to 0.2 ha by 2040. The per capita agricultural land and forest cover is 0.12 ha and 0.05 ha respectively, which is one of the lowest in the world.

India is already considered a water ‘stressed’ nation with per capita water availability of only about 1,500 cum/year. Large parts of India can be classified as ‘water scarce’. For instance, in the Ganga Basin, the per capita water availability is nearing 1,000 cum/year, close to the situation of water scarcity. By 2050, under a business-as-usual scenario, water availability in the Ganga Basin will resemble today’s sub-Saharan Africa.

How we manage our land and water resources will determine our economic progress, development and sustainability. This is fundamentally linked with the management of agricultural and forest resources. In addition, we now have to deal with climate change and its impacts on land, forest and water resources.

Our integrated programme examines and illuminates the intricate interlinkages between land and forest management, water scarcity, agricultural practices, and food and livelihood security. We will use big data to analyse past and current trends and make future projections. We will also document best practices and uncover ways to scale them up. The overarching focus is on climate change adaptation, to build resilience and ensure safety nets for the poor and the vulnerable.

Focus Area

  • Mining & District Mineral Foundation
  • Land management, including desertification
  • Forest management, especially community forest management
  • Water, agriculture and food security
  • Climate change adaptation